Infection of the tooth via its surface or through the gums can cause disease inside the tooth. As the infection travels from the outer to the inner layer, the severity keeps increasing.
If this damage is not stopped in time, it can destroy the tooth structure so much that the tooth needs to be taken out. The removal of a tooth is called Tooth Extraction.
Dental procedures, as we know, are costly in countries like the USA, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia as compared to South America or Asia. For people who want a more affordable option, getting teeth extractions abroad can be looked into.
1. Infected Tooth
A tooth can get infected by bacteria which can lead to decay. If the damage is irreparable, by the time the patient comes to the dentist, it will have to be removed.
2. Vertical Root Fracture
If a tooth breaks vertically in the long axis, no solid treatment option can heal it. In such a case, extraction and replacement is the only possible solution.
3. Lack of Gum support
Due to gum disease, the support provided by the fibers surrounding a tooth is lost. These fibers form the Periodontal Ligament or the PDL.
4. Vertical Bone Loss
Teeth are surrounded by alveolar bone on four sides. The vertical pattern of bone loss finishes off one or more of the walls around the tooth. This causes an increase in the mobility and recession of the gums around this tooth.
In some cases, surgery may help restore bone structure. However, if the situation is hopeless, then extraction followed by replacement is the best way forward.
5. Full Mouth Extractions
These apply to patients who have only a few teeth remaining in mouth. If the remaining teeth are unrestorable in some way, the dentist may recommend extraction.
The reason being these teeth will hinder the proper full mouth restoration of the arch. If these are extracted, a sturdier, permanent solution can be proposed.
6. Broken Natural Tooth Crown
If the natural tooth crown has been completely broken, the roots become open to infections. It is advised to remove these roots before they become infected and start causing any trouble.
7. Overcrowding or Alignment Issues
Some individuals have misaligned teeth. This might be their natural structure, it might stem from an oral habit or trauma. In either case, corrections are now possible under the vast umbrella of Orthodontics.
In some cases, the space in the arch is not enough to accommodate all the teeth. So, one back tooth on each side is strategically extracted. This will help all the other teeth align comfortably.
At times sudden shock to the teeth might make them lose their vitality or leave them physically damaged or discolored. For example, a sudden blow to the face or a person falling facedown.
In these cases, if no other treatment option is viable enough, extraction is the treatment of choice.
9. Erupting Teeth
In children with erupting teeth, sometimes the milk tooth or roots preceding it does not shed at the right time.
This stops the permanent tooth from erupting and will further cause faulty alignment of teeth in the future.
Here, an intentional extraction of the retained tooth is done to facilitate the eruption of its successor.
10. Impacted Teeth
An impacted tooth is the one not able to erupt into the mouth. This makes them difficult to extract, which is why they fall under complex or surgical extractions. This might cause pain and swelling in some cases. A wisdom tooth causing such problems should be removed.
1. Simple: A simple elevator and forceps are used to loosen and remove the tooth, painlessly under anesthesia.
2. Complex or Surgical: Under anesthesia, the gums need to be cut a little to access the tooth and the bone properly.
A small amount of bone may be trimmed to extract all the fragments of the tooth, depending upon the depth of tooth in the jaw. Such extractions involve special elevators and forceps.
3. Root Extractions: Here only the remaining roots are removed from the socket as the natural tooth crown is missing. This requires proper elevation since the forceps will not be able to hold onto the roots alone correctly.
Given below is the cost of both kinds of single-tooth dental extractions in various countries around the world.
Simple extraction of a single tooth in the USA can cost $200. In Australia, it can cost $295.
In Mexico, the cost is a mere $48. In Bangkok, Thailand simple extraction prices vary between $32 and $48.
The reasons for the price going down manifold in the dental tourism destinations are:
Affordable dental treatment in these locations can be explored by people without insurance, along with an added advantage of an overseas holiday.
An impacted tooth is the one which can’t break into the mouth. This can either be due to its unusual position in the jawbone or some other force stopping it.
Another reason can be a smaller jawbone, which doesn’t have space to accommodate the last tooth. The wisdom tooth is the most commonly impacted tooth, followed by the canine.
The need for extraction of an impacted tooth arises when it is causing discomfort, pain, or swelling in the patient’s mouth. The pain can be such that it travels to the ear or the back of the head.
A tooth can either be fully or partially impacted. A fully impacted tooth is completely covered by the bone.
A tooth which is partially erupted and partly inside the jawbone is a partial impaction. It may also be covered only by the gums.
In this condition, the gums around the area will swell up, and the patient will experience much pain. Other symptoms might include pain on opening the mouth, ear pain, headache due to swelling or a sour taste in the back of the mouth.
Extraction of an impacted tooth is a surgical procedure. The various steps are explained below:
A consultation involves physical examination, CT Scans, and X-rays. These help the dental surgeon decide the treatment plan.
The first step is administering anesthesia. After surface anesthesia, the jaw of one side is numbed so that the patient is comfortable during the procedure.
Other options like conscious sedation are also available for extremely anxious patients. This will put you in a sleep-like state where you won’t feel any pain. Sleep sedation puts you in a state between local and general anesthesia. It is completely safe in-office procedure which is done routinely.
An incision is made in the gums overlying the impacted tooth. A flap is usually raised to establish access to the area in question.
The next step is to remove a little jawbone so that instruments can reach the tooth. Once the tooth is completely exposed, we proceed to the actual extraction part.
5. Sectioning and extraction
On visualizing the tooth, the dentist decides if the tooth can be taken out all at once.
If this can’t be done, sectioning of the tooth is performed. This means that the tooth is cut into smaller sections. Each section of tooth is removed individually.
6. Irrigation and disinfection
After all the pieces are taken out, the cavity is irrigated with saline and antibiotic solution. This will prevent precipitation of any further infections.
If the cavity remaining after extraction is extremely large, the dentist might fill it with a bone graft to facilitate bone formation.
But in case the cavity is small, the gums are sutured back up directly.
Once the clot stabilized, the healing process will continue spontaneously.
Treatment options will depend on the number of missing teeth. If there is a single tooth missing, a single unit dental implant might be the best way forward. This, in turn, depends on the amount of bone available.
The other option is to get dental bridges or removable dentures depending on one’s budget as well as requirements.
In case all your teeth have been extracted, there are a variety of treatment options to choose from. For example, we have the All-on-4 or All-on 6 system. Only four to six implants per arch will support the whole set of teeth! Also, these can be done in one sitting!
Some patients might prefer to go for the traditional option of removable complete dentures. However, due to the many disadvantages, dentists don’t recommend this treatment anymore.
We facilitate quality yet low-cost tooth extractions abroad at renowned dental clinics. Your treatment will be performed by highly accomplished dental professionals.
Contact us now for more information on low cost teeth extractions abroad!