Dental Implants are the most popular method of replacing missing teeth; more and more people are opting for the expensive-but-very convenient substitute to their natural teeth. A dental implant is basically a titanium screw, which is placed inside the jaw bone (like the root of a tooth) and a crown is placed over it.
The process of placing an implant is not very complicated, but it requires great precision and care, on the part of the dentist as well as the patient. Failing proper care, the patient might experience various problems in relation to the implant:
Peri-implantitis is one of the most common problems associated with dental implants, and also one of the major causes of implant failure. It is basically the inflammation of tissues surrounding the dental implant, caused by some infection at the site.
It can be due to the dentist’s negligence in maintaining strict sterilization, which is a pre-requisite for any surgery, or because of the patient’s failure to maintain the required oral hygiene.
Like any other surgery, placement of an implant runs the risk of damage to the tissues lying in that area. If an implant is placed in very close proximity to, or directly over a nerve, it may lead to intense pain and may necessitate immediate removal of the implant.
Improper placement of the implant or its improper integration with the bone may cause the implant to be loose. Besides, it can also be slightly movable in the jaw if excessive forces are applied from opposite teeth.
Until the bone around the implant is properly healed, controlled biting pressures should be applied to allow the bone to build up.
In any case, if the implant feels loose in your mouth, you must check with your dentist. He will identify the problem and determine if the implant needs to be replaced, or it can be fixed with some minor intervention.
In some cases, the implant might break. Though with improvement in implant designs the implant breakage incident has reduced, but it is still made of metal, which has a tendency to bend and break. A broken implant has to be removed and be replaced with a new one.
While placing implants in the upper jaw, the dentist must be extra careful as they could be in close proximity to the sinus. The length and placement of an implant should be so adjusted that it does not disturb the sinus cavities.
While the dentist’s skill is imperative in making the implant procedure a success, the patient’s compliance is equally important. Even a nicely placed implant can fail if the patient does not follow the dentist’s instructions properly, fails to maintain good oral hygiene, put excessive pressure on the implant or disturbs the site of surgery.
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