Dental Implants have come as a very convenient, comfortable restoration option for patients with missing teeth. More and more patients are opting for these fixed replacements for their lost teeth, but not everybody is fit to receive implants and some especially from the US are not able to afford it.
Dental implants are very expensive. It is in fact one of the most expensive procedures. Many patients from the US delay this procedure majorly due to the costs attached to the entire process.
According to a survey published by the US CDC in 2000, more than 44% of Americans did not have dental insurance during that time – which certainly increases the need for dental tourism. For instance, travelling to Mexico for teeth implants, could be a viable solution for patients from the US and Canada as the costs of implants are lesser and the facilities patients receive are world class.
Affordable dental treatments abroad have given a ray of hope to people who are not able to shell out too much for dental implants in their home town and are looking for reasonably tagged procedures outside.
There are several conditions in which implants cannot be placed, or if placed, they might have less than optimal chances of success.
- Heart problems: Implants are strongly contraindicated in severe heart diseases affecting the valves, any recent incidences of infarction or cardiac insufficiency, cardiomyopathy.
- Cancer: Active cancer is another major contra-indication for implants.
- Bone diseases: Certain bone diseases like osteomalacia, Paget’s disease, brittle bones syndrome also make the patient unfit for implants as these will not allow proper osseointegration of the implant screw.
- Endocrine disorders: Diabetes Mellitus, Pituitary & Adrenal Insufficiency, Hypothyroidism are all problems of the endocrine system, which may present healing problems, thus making patients unsuitable to receive implants.
- Lowered Immunity: Patients suffering with immunological diseases (including AIDS), or those undergoing immunosuppressive therapies, taking steroids, or awaiting any organ transplant, are not the right candidates for dental implants as they have high chances of contracting infection and the patient may face complications of the surgery.
- Tuberculosis and Sarcoidosis: Such uncontrolled granulomatous diseases may present with healing problems and surgical procedures are best avoided in these cases.
- Radiotherapy: Jaw bones that have been strongly irradiated may not be fit to receive implants.
- Uncontrolled hematologic disorders: In patients of Anemia, Hemophilia (Factor VIII deficiency), deficiency of other blood clotting factors, or any other coagulation disorders, it may be difficult to control the hemorrhage after a surgical process. Hence, implants are contra-indicated.
- Mental Problems: Certain mental diseases, in which the patient is not fully capable of undergoing a surgery or complying with the instructions of the dentists, are contraindications for implant cases.
- Age: Very young children, in whom the jaw growth is yet to be completed, are usually not considered for implants as it may interfere with the growth of the bone, and may eventually get dislocated.
- Drug and alcohol dependency: People who take excessive alcohol or are drug-addicts are not fit to receive implants.
- Pregnancy: Placement of implants requires a minor surgical process, and any kind of surgery or even slightly stressful procedure is best avoided when a patient is pregnant.
- Tobacco: Excessive tobacco consumption may produce certain oral lesions, and may interfere with healing. So, implant surgery is not recommended in patients who take too much tobacco. Quantity and quality of jaw bone: Before starting with the implant surgery, a dentist must determine whether the jaw bone of the patient is fit for receiving the implants. In case, bone loss is noted, it may be corrected with the help of bone grafts, depending upon the patient’s condition and preference.
- Periodontal Diseases: Problems of the gums and other oral tissues may need to be dealt with, before an implant can be placed.
- Excessive grinding, clenching of teeth: Implants may fail in patients with such abnormal habits as after being replaced in the bone, they need to be left undisturbed for sometime so proper healing and bone growth around the implant screw can take place.
- Poor Oral Hygiene: Implants are best avoided in patients who are unable to maintain the obligatory oral hygiene, lest they may fail.