Periodontal disease can damage your teeth and gums, but did you know it can also lead to preterm birth? Keep reading as we discuss gum disease and the risks of premature birth.
Newborn baby in the incubator
What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease (periodontitis) is an infection of the gums. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss. 
Causes of Gum Disease
Untreated plaque buildup is the primary cause of gum disease. Other contributors to this oral health condition include: 
- Poor oral hygiene
- Hormonal changes
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Certain diseases
- Specific medications
- Family history
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums
- Pain while eating
- Red and swollen gums
Source: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research 
Gum Disease and the Risk of Premature Birth
In pregnant women with gum disease, there are likely chances of preterm birth and low-birth-weight babies.
Video Courtesy: ERemedium
👉 Plaque bacteria which causes gum disease, can lead to preterm birth.
👉 The bacteria release endotoxins that can travel through the mother’s bloodstream.
👉 These endotoxins produce substances known as cytokines and prostaglandins.
👉 High concentrations of these can cause the baby’s sac to rupture, leading to preterm birth. 
Signs of Preterm Labor
Common symptoms of preterm labor include: [6 ]
- Cramps and contractions
- Fluid coming from the vagina
- Pressure in the lower abdomen
- A change in the vaginal discharge
How to Prevent Preterm Labor From Gum Disease?
By knowing about gum disease and the risk of premature birth, you can take action to prevent it.
The best ways to prevent periodontal disease and change your pregnancy outcomes are: 
✅ Quit smoking
✅ Reduce stress
✅ Brush and floss daily
✅ Visit a dentist regularly
Avoid Preterm Birth With Good Dental Hygiene
Now that you know about gum disease and the risk of premature birth, you can take action to prevent it.
Practice good oral hygiene and treat periodontal disease early.
We can help you receive the highest quality treatments from board-certified dentists at affordable prices.
Gum disease is a possible risk factor for preterm labor, which is dangerous for your baby.
Babies born early may have lower weight, difficulty breathing, staying warm, and fighting infections. 
They may also suffer from long-term mental and physical disabilities.
Take your first step to treat periodontal diseaseConnect now