Our gums perform the dual task of holding and protecting the teeth against the entry or spread of infection to the root of the tooth. Sometimes, due to various reasons, our gums become weak, sensitive and start to bleed. The condition of bleeding gums usually indicates a gum disease caused by bacteria, which is medically termed as gingivitis (gingiva –the medical term for gums, itis –the term for inflammation). It is essential to treat bleeding gums at the earliest since the persistence of bleeding gums may result in a spread of infection and cause other complications.
Common Causes of Bleeding Gums
Even though the most common cause of bleeding gums is the presence of bacterial, fungal or viral infection in the gums and teeth, bleeding gums can be attributed to a number of other reasons, too. The association of bleeding gums to a disease is more commonly seen in adults than in children, since children’s gums usually bleed due to improper brushing.
Some of the common causes of bleeding gums are:
- Injury/trauma– this may occur due to the accidental insertion of an object or pressure on the gums due to a blow. Sometimes, daily activities such as improper brushing and flossing may also cause gums to bleed.
- Gum disease– gums may bleed due to an infection in the gums which make the gums weak and inflamed. It is commonly seen in the presence of caries, plaque formation and other dental problems.
- Mouth sores- sometimes, the presence of sores in the mouth results in a gum infection causing gums to bleed.
- Blood disease– this relates to a more serious cause of bleeding gums that is related to blood disorders, such as hemophilia, leukemia and clotting disorders.
- Systemic disorders-Problems related to Liver, kidney disorders or heart disorder.
- Malnutrition-Deficiency of vitamin C and K
- Hormonal changes during Pregnancy
- Medications such as Aspirin and procedures like chemotherapy may also cause gums to bleed.
- Tobacco chewing
Treatment for bleedinggums
To treat bleeding gums, it is essential that your dentist first diagnoses the underlying cause of bleeding gums through oral examination of teeth and gums, blood tests, X-rays and other advanced tests related to sugar, calcium, urea, and creatinine. Once the cause of bleeding gums has been established, the treatment for bleeding gums is administered accordingly.
However, one can consider the following remedies for a general treatment for bleeding gums:
- Use a paste/ointment for bleeding and swollen gums.
- Antibiotics prescribed by your dentist may help treat your gum infection
- Use antiseptic mouthwashes that will control the gum disease
- If the gum disease has just set in, your dentist may be able to eradicate it through scaling treatments.
- Complete oral prophylaxis may be of help to alleviate you of the trouble of bleeding gums.
How to stop bleeding gums?
To maintain the health of your teeth, it is essential that we take care of our gums. A gum disease can further cause severe infection in the base of our teeth, thus leading to several other dental problems.
Here are some of the ways in which we can incorporate an oral health routine in our day to day life.
- Avoid hard brushing, or putting too much pressure on the gums. Brush with a proper technique and use soft bristle toothbrushes.
- Avoid fast foods such as chips, carbonated acid drinks and chocolates.
- Rinse your mouth with a suitable mouthwash prescribed by your dentist.
- Avoid tobacco chewing and smoking.
- Make regular visits to the dentist every six months for removing plaque deposits.
- Supplement your diet with vitamin supplements, especially vitamin c.
- Eat a well-balanced nutritious diet and rinse your mouth thoroughly after each meal to remove the food particles in the mouth.
Your oral health is a mirror of your entire well being. Therefore, it is essential that one takes proper care of one’s dental health by following a balanced routine, complemented by regular dental checkups.
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